9 best programming languages for web development in 2022

In this article let’s take a look at 9 best programming languages for web development.

We will take a look at what is so special about the programming language regarding web development and some interesting statistics about that language and what are the popular websites developed using that language and

many more details so if you are confused regarding which language you should learn if you want to build a career in web development then you don’t need to worry about it and read this article till the end.

By the way if you are still not sure if you should consider a web dev then you should read my article on pros and cons of web development to decide whether it is a good career option or not by clicking here.

So without further ado let’s get started.

9 Best programming languages for web development

PHP

Hypertext Preprocessor or PHP is one of the best programming languages you can use for web development. This is a backend language for websites. This is also an open-source programming language and it is free to use.

PHP language is used in 78 % of the all websites backend which means that 8 out of 10 websites on the Internet are using PHP language in some way or the other.

There are multiple reasons why this language is considered to be one of the best for web development and some of the reasons are,

  • The code of PHP is very easy and simple to understand and it has a small learning curve compared to other programming languages
  • Php is also one of the most secure programming languages, there are many frameworks that protect it against various malware and virus
  • PHP is easy to maintain and also a very stable language and it has been more than 25 years since it was originally invented
  • PHP language is platform-independent which means you can develop a code on one software like windows and run it on the other like IOS
  • Php is also one of the fastest codes which is very easy to edit and because of its simple and secure language, even the websites built on PHP language load faster

Because of all these amazing reasons, many popular website builders and popular websites are actually built on this language like, WordPress, wix, joomla, open Cart, Facebook, Wikipedia, Tumblr, Yahoo, mail chimp, flicker etc.

Javascript

JavaScript is the other best programming language for web development. By the way this is my favourite programming language out of all 9 in the list.

Unlike PHP, this language is used in both frontend and backend development purpose. And this is the most used programming language by developers in 2021.

Because of this reason more than 12.4 million developers use this language worldwide and because of its popularity more than 97% of the all websites use this language for the front-end development.

There are many reasons why people use this language It allows us to add dynamic behavior to the webpage and add special effects to the webpage.

JavaScript helps us with regard to the interaction of websites with visitors.

At the same time, this language is compatible with lots of different web browsers like Chrome and Safari, at the same time this language comes with lots of frameworks and libraries, Java will simplify the complex web application development.

For example, you can create a basic menu on a website with HTML and CSS. With JavaScript, however, you can animate that menu and even make it easier for users to navigate and click which is great.

Because of all these amazing reasons and benefits, many popular websites like Google Facebook YouTube Wikipedia Yahoo Amazon eBay LinkedIn and Twitter use this language in either frontend or backend or both.

Typescript

This is another good programming language we can use for web development.

Just like we have C and C++, TypeScript can be thought of as JavaScript++ though it’s not as popular as C++.

This language has features like OOPs, supports other JS libraries and it is also platform-independent.

Java

Java is another most popular language you can use for web development and let me tell you JavaScript and Java are not similar languages.

Java is a backend programming language.

This language is not just used in developing websites but also in applications, big data technologies, cloud-based, LoT apps, etc

And the fact is that more than 50 million websites use Java language.

There are many reasons why Java is a good programming language for the backend of the website this language has OOPs concept, it is a highly secured language, simple and easy to learn, and

you can work on this code in one place and run it anywhere as it is platform-independent and it is also cheap to maintain and this language has been around for a while with a lot of demand and high paying salary for developers.

Because of all the reasons many popular websites use Java for the backend like Google, Facebook YouTube Amazon Twitter and LinkedIn.

Python

Python is another good programming language for web development.

Python is used by 1.4% of all the websites as a backend language and you should know that there are 1.8 billion websites on the internet and more website are getting created everyday so even the percentage is small but the number of websites use Python is pretty big.

There are multiple reasons why Python is good for the web development like, this language is a powerful and advanced prograaming language, it is high level language, easy to learn for begineers, it is platform in dependent, can easily integrated in ML, AI, on your website and has frameworks like Django

which is one of the best for starting a website, it is easy to use, secure, portability, support and moreover it has a large community of people using it and very popular language, you can find many answers to this language on stack over flow forums.

Because of all these reasons many popular websites use python for backend of the websites like spotify Quora reddit Instagram Google Pinterest Netflix uber dropbox instakart and survey monkey, etc

Swift

Swift is another popular web development language you can use. Compared to other programming languages this language is pretty young as it is announced in 2014.

This language is used in both frontend and backend development.

Swift is also a good language for web development because it is very simple and easy to use and also a very secure and open-source language at the same time

it is also a cross-platform language, it also has object-oriented programming and also very fast and powerful and it is also the first language.

Go and kotlin are considered a good alternatives to this programming language when it comes to web development.

HTML and CSS

HTML and CSS combination is also a good markup languages for web development.

We can use both these languages for front end development and this languages help in creating web pages.

HTML is used in more than 93% of all websites and css is used in more than 96% of all websites.

There are many reasons why the combination of 2 languages are so popular for frontend because, HTML is easy to learn and it is platform independent,

it is supported by all browsers and also free to use and Without HTML, a browser would not know how to display text as elements or load images or other elements,

also has a large community whereas CSS improves the loading speed of the webpage, it describes the look and formatting of a document that is written in a markup language. also very easy to maintain and also compatible with lots of devices which makes the website mobile-friendly, etc

Ruby

Ruby is also another good programming language you can use for web development. This is a open source programming language and also free to use.

This is a backend language which you can use for web development.

Ruby is a general-purpose, interpreted language that supports various paradigms such as, functional, and object-oriented programming,

this programming language is platform-independent and also very easy to learn for backend development compared to other backend languages.

  • Dynamic typing,
  • Automatic garbage collection,
  • Large standard library,
  • Custom dispatch behavior,
  • Flexibility & Scalability Are some features of this language.

The list of companies that use Ruby on Rails includes Basecamp, Airbnb, Shopify, Goodreads, Kickstarter, Hulu, Bloomberg and others.

C/C++

C is probably the oldest and most popular programming language and is the main foundation or root of other languages like C++, Java, and JavaScript. C++ is an enhanced and better version of C.

Both of these languages are used for backend web development.

The language provides you with various features like

  • faster compilation,
  • interoperability,
  • scalable & updateable
  • structured language, and many others.

Because of this reason, many top companies like Google Amazon Facebook Twitter, and Bing use this language in the backend.

With that said let’s end the article.

Conclusion

These are all the best programming languages you can get for web development purposes.

Do let me know what are your favorite programming languages for web development in the comment section below and also let me know if I have missed any other programming language in the list which you want me to include.

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